Chitwan is located at southwestern part of county, central development region of Nepal. It’s also known as 5 th largest city of Nepal. The main meaning of chitwan is chit or chita is (heart) and wan is (jungle).
We still know chitwan as dense forest consisting of flora and fauna. About 70% of national park is sal forest and remaining a grassland. Various birds such as koels, drongos, peacocks and floricans are found here. Some of the famous animals found in national park are Bengal tiger, One horned Asian rhinoceros, sloth bear, gharial, marsh mugger crocodile, leopard etc.
There are many places to visit in chitwan. Chitwan national park, Beeshazar lake, Narayani bridge, Museum at kasara, Bikram Baba near rapti river, Shomeshwor kalika temple, Godhak parshuram kunda (pond) valmiki ashram, Devghat Dham are few of them.
Chitwan is famous for its elephant jungle safari which gives opportunity for close encounter of the wildlife. On behalf of religious site we can visit Bikram baba which is located at south of Japatapur and other adventure trips such as jungle walk, Canoe ride, Gharial Breeding center bird watching,and so on.
Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park is listed as world heritage. It occupies about 900 km 2 in area. The typical weather of chitwan is generally up to 36°C in summer season and 18° C in winter season. Within the national park we can come across about 68 species of mammals, 600 species of plants, 544 species of birds and 49 species of reptiles as well as 150 species of butterfly. There are varieties of birds such as koels, drongos, peacocks found. Some of the famous animals found in national park are Bengal tiger, One horned Asian rhinoceros, sloth bear, gharial, marsh mugger crocodile, leopard and the rest.
It’s moreover identified as Royal Bengal tiger. Bengal tiger is frequently found in countries like Nepal, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, China and Myanmar. It is about 3 – 3.6 ft at shoulder in altitude and 100 – 300 kgs in heaviness. Bengal tiger bounded/survive in dense forest, alluvial grasslands and mangrove swamps. Typically their lifespan is about 20 – 25 years.
One horned rhinoceros
Rhinoceros unicornis is scientific name of one horned rhinoceros which is generally found in Nepal, Bhutan & India. It’s about 2000 kg in weight & mass of 4600 lbs in male & 3500 lbs in female. One horned rhinoceros love to survive their moment in alluvial floodplains, near by foothills and regularly riverside forest. They are herbivores so feed on a assortment of trees, shrubs(underground) grasses & fruit as a food. Life span of one horned rhinoceros is about 40 – 50 years.